United Nations summit for the adoption of the post – 2015 development agenda

 

Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Preamble
This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development.
All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan. We are resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and want and to heal and secure our planet. We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world on to a sustainable and resilient path. As we embark on this collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets which we are
announcing today demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda. They seek to build on the Millennium Development Goals and complete what they did not achieve. They seek to realize the human rights of all and to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental.
The Goals and targets will stimulate action over the next 15 years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet.
People.
We are determined to end poverty and hunger, in all their forms and dimensions, and to ensure
that all human beings can fulfill their potential in dignityand equality and in a healthy environment.
Planet
We are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations.
Prosperity
We are determined to ensure that all human beings can enjoy prosperous and fulfilling lives and that economic, social and technological progress occurs in harmony with nature.
Peace
We are determined to foster peaceful, just and inclusive societies which are
free from fear and violence. There can be no sustainable development without peace and no peace without sustainable development.
Partnership
We are determined to mobilize the means required to implement this Agenda through a revitalized
Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, based on a spirit of strengthened global solidarity, focused in particular on the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable and with the participation of all countries, all stakeholders and all people.
The interlinkages and integrated nature of the Sustainable Development Goals are of crucial importance in ensuring that the purpose of the new Agenda is realized. If we realize our ambitions across the full extent of the Agenda, the lives of all will be profoundly improved and our world will be transformed for the better.
Declaration Introduction
1.  We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, meeting at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 25 to 27 September 2015 as the Organization celebrates its seventieth anniversary, have decided today on new global Sustainable Development Goals.
2. On behalf of the peoples we serve, we have adopted a historic decision on a comprehensive, far reaching and people centred set of universal and transformative Goals and targets. We commit ourselves to working tirelessly for the full implementation of this Agenda by 2030. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are committed to achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions economic, social and environmental in a balanced and integrated manner. We will also build upon the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals and
seek to address their unfinished business.
3. We resolve, between now and 2030, to end poverty and hunger everywhere; to combat inequalities within and among countries; to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies; to protect human rights and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls; and to ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources. We resolve also to create conditions for sustainable, inclusive and sustained economic growth, shared prosperity and decent work for all, taking into account different levels of national development and capacities.
4. As we embark on this great collective journey, we pledge that no one will be left behind. Recognizing that the dignity of the human person is fundamental, we wish to see the Goals and targets met for all nations and peoples and for all segments of society. And we will endeavour to reach the furthest behind first.
5. This is an Agenda of unprecedented scope and significance. It is accepted by all countries and is applicable to all, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. These are universal goals and targets which involve the entire world, developed and developing countries alike. They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development.
6. The Goals and targets are the result of over two years of intensive public consultation and engagement with civil society and other stakeholders around the world, which paid particular attention to the voices of the poorest and most vulnerable. This consultation included valuable work done by the Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable Development Goals and by the
United Nations, whose Secretary General provided a synthesis report in December 2014.
Our vision
7. In these Goals and targets, we are setting out a supremely ambitious and transformational vision. We envisage a world free of poverty, hunger, disease and want, where all life can thrive. We envisage a world free of fear and violence. A world with universal literacy. A world with equitable and universal access to quality education at all levels, to health care and social protection, where physical, mental
and social well being are assured. A world where we reaffirm our commitments regarding the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation and where there is improved hygiene; and where food is sufficient, safe, affordable and nutritious. A world where human habitats are safe, resilient and sustainable and where there is universal access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy.
8. We envisage a world of universal respect for human rights and human dignity, the rule of law, justice, equality and non-discrimination; of respect for race, ethnicity and cultural diversity; and of equal opportunity permitting the full realization of human potential and contributing to shared prosperity. A world which invests in its children and in which every child grows up free from violence and exploitation. A world in which every woman and girl enjoys full gender equality and all legal, social and economic barriers to their empowerment have been removed. A just, equitable, tolerant, open and socially inclusive world in which the needs of the most vulnerable are met.
9. We envisage a world in which every country enjoys sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all. A world in which consumption and production patterns and use of all natural resources from air to land, from rivers, lakes and aquifers to oceans and seas are sustainable.
One in which democracy, good governance and the rule of law, as well as an enabling environment at national and international levels, are essential for sustainable development, including sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development, environmental protection and the eradication of poverty and hunger. One in which development and the application of technology are climate sensitive,
respect biodiversity and are resilient. One in which humanity lives in harmony with nature and in which wildlife and other living species are protected.
Our shared principles and commitments
10. The new Agenda is guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including full respect for international law. It is grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights treaties, the Millennium Declaration and the 2005 World Summit Outcome. It is informed byother instruments such as the Declaration on the Right to Development.
11. We reaffirm the outcomes of all major United Nations conferences and summits which have laid a solid foundation for sustainable development and have helped to shape the new Agenda. These include the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the World Summit for Social Development, the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development. We also reaffirm the follow up to these conferences, including the outcomes of the Fourth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries, the third International
Conference on Small Island Developing States, the second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries and the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.
12. We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and
Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.
13. The challenges and commitments identified at these major conferences and summits are interrelated and call for integrated solutions. To address them effectively, a new approach is needed. Sustainable development recognizes that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, combating inequality within and among countries, preserving the planet, creating sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and fostering social inclusion are linked to each other and are interdependent.
Our world today
14. We are meeting at a time of immense challenges to sustainable development. Billions of our citizens continue to live in poverty and are denied a life of dignity. There are rising inequalities within and among countries. There are enormous disparities of opportunity, wealth and power. Gender inequality remains a key challenge. Unemployment, particularly youth unemployment, is a major concern.
Global health threats, more frequent and intense natural disasters, spiralling conflict, violentextremism, terrorism and related humanitarian crises and forced displacement of people threaten to reverse much of the development progress made in recent decades. Natural resource depletion and adverse impacts of environmental degradation, including desertification, drought, land degradation, freshwater scarcity and loss of biodiversity, add to and exacerbate the list of challenges which humanity faces. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time and its adverse impacts undermine the ability of all countries to achieve sustainable development. Increases in global temperature, sea level rise, ocean acidification and other climate change impacts are seriously affecting coastal areas and low lying coastal countries, including many least developed countries and small island developing States. The survival of many societies, and of the biological support systems of the planet, is at risk.
15. It is also, however, a time of immense opportunity. Significant progress has been made in meeting many development challenges. Within the past generation, hundreds of millions of people have emerged from extreme poverty. Access to education has greatly increased for both boys and girls. The spread of information and communications technology and global inter-connectedness has great potential
to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies, as does scientific and technological innovation across areas as diverse as medicine and energy.
16. Almost 15 years ago, the Millennium Development Goals were agreed. These provided an important framework for development and significant progress has been made in a number of areas. But the progress has been uneven, particularly in Africa, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, and some of the Millennium Development Goals remain off track, in particular those related to maternal, newborn and child health and to reproductive
health. We recommit ourselves to the full realization of all the Millennium Development Goals, including the off-track Millennium Development
Goals, in particular by providing focused and scaled-up assistance to least developed countries and other countries in special situations, in line with relevant support programmes. The new Agenda builds on the Millennium Development Goals and seeks to complete what these did not achieve, particularly i
n reaching the most vulnerable.
17. In its scope, however, the framework we are announcing today goes far beyond the Millennium Development Goals. Alongside continuing development priorities such as poverty eradication, health, education and food security and nutrition, it sets out a wide range of economic, social and environmental objectives.
It also promises more peaceful and inclusive societies. It also, crucially, defines means of implementation. Reflecting the integrated approach that we have decided on, there are deep interconnections and many cross cutting elements across the new Goals and targets.
The new Agenda
18. We are announcing today 17 Sustainable Development Goals with 169 associated targets
which are integrated and indivisible. Never before have world leaders pledged common action and endeavour across such a broad and universal policy agenda. We are setting out together on the path towards sustainable development, devoting ourselves collectively to the pursuit of global development and of “win-win” cooperation which can bring huge gains to all countries and all parts of the
world.
We reaffirm that every State has, and shall freely exercise, full permanent sovereignty over all its wealth, natural resources and economic activity. We will implement the Agenda for the full benefit of all, for today’s generation and for future generations. In doing so, we reaffirm our commitment to international law and emphasize that the Agenda is to be implemented in a manner that is consistent
with the rights and obligations of States under international law.
19. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law. We emphasize the responsibilities of all States, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations, to respect, protect and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of any kind as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, disability or other status.
20. Realizing gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls will make a crucial contribution to progress across all the Goals and targets. The achievement of full human potential and of sustainable development is not possible if one half of humanity continues to be denied its full human rights and opportunities. Women and girls must enjoy equal access to quality education, economic resources and political participation as well as equal opportunities with men and boys for employment, leadership and
decision making at all levels. We will work for a significant increase in investments to close the gender gap and strengthen support for institutions in relation to gender equality and the empowerment of women at the global, regional and national levels.
All forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls will be eliminated, including through the engagement of men and boys. The systematic mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the implementation of the Agenda is crucial.

leadership and decision making at all levels. We will work for a significant increase in investments to close the gender gap and strengthen support for institutions in relation to gender equality and the empowerment of women at the global, regional and national levels.
All forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls will be eliminated, including through the engagement of men and boys. The systematic mainstreaming of a gender perspective in the implementation of the Agenda is crucial.
21. The new Goals and targets will come into effect on 1 January 2016 and will guide the decisions we take over the next 15 years. All of us will work to implement the Agenda within our own countries and at the regional and global levels, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. We will respect national policy space for
sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, in particular for developing States, while remaining consistent with relevant international rules and commitments. We acknowledge also the importance of the regional and sub-regional dimensions, regional economic integration and interconnectivity in sustainable development. Regional and subregional frameworks can facilitate the effective translation of sustainable development policies into concrete action at the national
level.
22. Each country faces specific challenges in its pursuit of sustainabledevelopment. The most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States deserve special attention, as do countries in situations of conflict and post-conflict countries. There are also serious challenges within many middle
income countries.
23. People who are vulnerable must be empowered. Those whose needs are reflected in the Agenda include all children, youth, persons with disabilities (of whom more than 80 per cent live in poverty), people living with HIV/AIDS, older persons, indigenous peoples, refugees and internally displaced persons and migrants. We resolve to take further effective measures and actions, in conformity with international law, to remove obstacles and constraints, strengthen support and meet the special needs of people living in areas affected by complex humanitarian emergencies and in areas affected by terrorism.
24. We are committed to ending poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including by eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. All people must enjoy a basic standard of living, including through social protection systems. We are also determined to end hunger and to achieve food security as a matter of priority and to end all forms of malnutrition. In this regard, we reaffirm the important role and inclusive nature of the Committee on World Food Security and welcome the Rome Declaration on
Nutrition and the Framework for Action. We will devote resources to developing rural areas and sustainable agriculture and fisheries, supporting smallholder farmers, especially women farmers, herders and fishers in developing countries, particularly least developed countries.
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We commit to providing inclusive and equitable quality education at all
levels
early childhood, primary, secondary, tertiary, technical a
nd vocational
training. All people, irrespective of sex, age, race or ethnicity, and persons with
disabilities, migrants, indigenous peoples, children and youth, especially those in
vulnerable situations, should have access to life
long learning opportunit
ies that
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help them to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to exploit opportunities and to
participate fully in society. We will strive to provide children and youth with a
nurturing environment for the full realization of their rights and capabilities,
helping
our countries to reap the demographic dividend including through safe schools and
coh
esive communities and families.
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To promote physical and mental health and well
being, and to extend life
expectancy for all, we must achieve universal health
coverage and access to quality
health care. No one must be left behind. We commit to accelerating the progress
made to date in reducing newborn, child and maternal mortality by ending all such
preventable deaths before 2030. We are committed to ensuring un
iversal access to
sexual and reproductive health
care services, including for family planning,
information and education. We will equally accelerate the pace of progress made in
fighting malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis, Ebola and other communica
ble
diseases and epidemics, including by addressing growing anti
microbial resistance
and the problem of unattended diseases affecting developing countries. We are
committed to the prevention and treatment of non
communicable diseases, including
behavioura
l, developmental and neurological disorders, which constitute a major
challenge for sustainable development.
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We will seek to build strong economic foundations for all our countries.
Sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth is essential for
prosperity.
This will only be possible if wealth is shared and income inequality is addressed.
We will work to build dynamic, sustainable, innovative and people
centred
economies, promoting youth employment and women
s economic empowerment, in
particular,
and decent work for all. We will eradicate forced labour and human
trafficking and end child labour in all its forms. All countries stand to benefit from
having a healthy and well
educated workforce with the knowledge and skills needed
for productive and f
ulfilling work and full participation in society. We will
strengthen the productive capacities of least developed countries in all sectors,
including through structural transformation. We will adopt policies which increase
productive capacities, productivi
ty and productive employment; financial inclusion;
sustainable agriculture, pastoralist and fisheries development; sustainable industrial
development; universal access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern
energy services; sustainable transport s
ystems; and qualit
y and resilient
infrastructure.
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We commit to making fundamental changes in the way that our societies
produce and consume goods and services. Governments, international organizations,
the business sector and other non
State actors and
individuals must contribute to
changing unsustainable consumption and production patterns, including through the
mobilization, from all sources, of financial and technical assistance to strengthen
developing countries
scientific, technological and innovative capacities to move
towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production. We encourage
the implementation of the 10
Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable
Consumption and Production Patterns. All cou
ntries take action, with developed
countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabi
lities of
developing countries.
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We recognize the positive contribution of migrants for inclusive growth and
sustainable development. We also rec
ognize that international migration is a
multidimensional reality of major relevance for the development of countries of
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origin, transit and destination, which requires coherent and comprehensive
responses. We will cooperate internationally to ensure safe,
orderly and regular
migration involving full respect for human rights and the humane treatment of
migrants regardless of migration status, of refugees and of displaced persons. Such
cooperation should also strengthen the resilience of communities hosting
refugees,
particularly in developing countries. We underline the right of migrants to return to
their country of citizenship, and recall that States must ensure that their returning
nationals are duly received.
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States are strongly urged to refrain from
promulgating and applying any
unilateral economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with
international law and the Charter of the United Nations that impede the full
achievement of economic and social development, particularly in developing
c
ountries.
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We acknowledge that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the
global response to climate change. We are determined to address decisively the
threat pose
d by climate change and environmental degradation. The global nature of
climate change calls for the widest possible international cooperation aimed at
accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions and addressing
adaptation to the adverse i
mpacts of climate change. We note with grave concern the
significant gap between the aggregate effect of parties
mitigation pledges in terms
of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission
pathways consistent with having a li
kely chance of holding the increase in global
average temperature below 2 °C or 1.5 °C above pre
industrial levels.
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Looking ahead to the twenty
first session of the Conference of the Parties in
Paris, we underscore the commitment of all States to work
for an ambitious and
universal climate agreement. We reaffirm that the protocol, another legal instrument
or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all parties
shall address in a balanced manner, inter alia, mitigation, adaptati
on, finance,
technology development and transfer
and
capacity
building
;
and transparency of
action and support.
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origin, transit and destination, which requires coherent and comprehensive
responses. We will cooperate internationally to ensure safe,
orderly and regular
migration involving full respect for human rights and the humane treatment of
migrants regardless of migration status, of refugees and of displaced persons. Such
cooperation should also strengthen the resilience of communities hosting
refugees,
particularly in developing countries. We underline the right of migrants to return to
their country of citizenship, and recall that States must ensure that their returning
nationals are duly received.
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States are strongly urged to refrain from
promulgating and applying any
unilateral economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with
international law and the Charter of the United Nations that impede the full
achievement of economic and social development, particularly in developing
c
ountries.
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.
We acknowledge that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating the
global response to climate change. We are determined to address decisively the
threat pose
d by climate change and environmental degradation. The global nature of
climate change calls for the widest possible international cooperation aimed at
accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions and addressing
adaptation to the adverse i
mpacts of climate change. We note with grave concern the
significant gap between the aggregate effect of parties
mitigation pledges in terms
of global annual emissions of greenhouse gases by 2020 and aggregate emission
pathways consistent with having a li
kely chance of holding the increase in global
average temperature below 2 °C or 1.5 °C above pre
industrial levels.
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.
Looking ahead to the twenty
first session of the Conference of the Parties in
Paris, we underscore the commitment of all States to work
for an ambitious and
universal climate agreement. We reaffirm that the protocol, another legal instrument
or agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all parties
shall address in a balanced manner, inter alia, mitigation, adaptati
on, finance,
technology development and transfer
and
capacity
building
;
and transparency of
action and support.
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We recognize that social and economic development depends on the
sustainable management of our planet
s natural resources. We are therefore
determined to conserve and sustainably use oceans and seas, freshwater resources,
as well as forests, mountains and drylands and to protect biodiversity, ecosystems
and wildlife. We are also determined to promote sustainable tourism, to tackle water
scarci
ty and water pollution, to strengthen cooperation on desertification, dust
storms, land degradation and drought and to promote resilience and disaster risk
reduction. In this regard, we look forward to thirteenth meeting of the Conference of
the Parties to
the Convention on Biological Diversity to be held in Mexico.
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We recognize that sustainable urban development and management are crucial
to the quality of life of our people. We will work with local authorities and
communities to renew and plan our cities and human settlements so as to foster
community cohesion and p
ersonal security and to stimulate innovation and
employment. We will reduce the negative impacts of urban activities and of
chemicals which are hazardous for human health and the environment, including
through the environmentally sound management and safe
use of chemicals, the
reduction and recycling of waste and the more efficient use of water and energy.
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And we will work to minimize the impact of cities on the global climate system. We
will also take account of population trends and projections in our nat
ional rural and
urban development strategies and policies. We look forward to the upcoming United
Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development to be held in
Quito.
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Sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security
; and
peace and security will be at risk without sustainable development. The new Agenda
recognizes the need to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies that provide equal
access to justice and that are based on respect for human rights (including the
right
to development), on effective rule of law and good governance at all levels and on
transparent, effective and accountable institutions. Factors which give rise to
violence, insecurity and injustice, such as inequality, corruption, poor governance
and
illicit financial and arms flows, are addressed in the Agenda. We must redouble
our efforts to resolve or prevent conflict and to support post
conflict countries,
including through ensuring that women have a role in peacebuilding and State
building. We ca
ll for further effective measures and actions to be taken, in
conformity with international law, to remove the obstacles to the full realization of
the right of self
determination of peoples living under colonial and foreign
occupation, which continue to a
dversely affect their economic and social
development as well as their environment.
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We pledge to foster intercultural understanding, tolerance, mutual respect and
an ethic of global citizenship and shared responsibility. We acknowledge the natural
and
cultural diversity of the world and recognize that all cultures and civilizations
can contribute to, and are crucial enablers of, sustainable development.
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Sport is also an important enabler of sustainable development. We recognize
the growing contribut
ion of sport to the realization of development and peace in its
promotion of tolerance and respect and the contributions it makes to the
empowerment of women and of young people, individuals and communities as well
as to health, education a
nd social inclus
ion objectives.
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We reaffirm, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, the need to
respect the territorial integrity and political independence of States.
Means of implementation
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The scale and ambition of the new Agenda requires a r
evitalized
G
lobal
P
artnership to ensure its implementation. We fully commit to this. This
P
artnership
will work in a spirit of global solidarity, in particular solidarity with the poorest and
with people in vulnerable situations. It will facilitate an inte
nsive global
engagement in support of implementation of all the Goals and targets, bringing
together Governments, the private sector, civil society, the United Nations system
and other actors and mobi
lizing all available resources.
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The means of impleme
ntation targets under Goal 17 and under each
Sustainable Development
Goal are
key to realizing our Agenda and are of equal
importance with the other Goals and targets. The Agenda, including the Sustainable
Development Goals, can be met within the framework
of a revitalized
G
lobal
P
artnership for
S
ustainable
D
evelopment, supported by the concrete policies and
actions as outlined in the outcome document of the Third International Conference
on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa from 13 to 16 July
2015. We
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welcome the endorsement by the General Assembly of the Addis Ababa Action
Agenda, which is an integral part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
We recognize that the full implementation of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda is
critical for
the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals and targets.
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We recognize that each country has primary responsibility for its own
economic and social development. The new Agenda deals with the means required
for implementation of the Goals and t
argets. We recognize that these will include
the mobilization of financial resources as well as capacity
building and the transfer
of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms,
including on concessional and preferential
terms, as mutually agreed. Public
finance, both domestic and international, will play a vital role in providing essential
services and public goods and in catalysing other sources of finance. We
acknowledge the role of the diverse private sector, ranging
from micro
enterprises
to cooperatives to multinationals, and that of civil society organizations and
philanthropic organizations in the im
plementation of the new Agenda.
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We support the implementation of relevant strategies and programmes of
action, in
cluding the Istanbul Declaration and Programme of Action, the SIDS
Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway and the Vienna Programme of
Action for Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014
2024, and
reaffirm the importance of supporting t
he African Union
s Agenda 2063 and the
programme of the New Partnership for Africa
s Development, all of which are
integral to the new Agenda. We recognize the major challenge to the achievement of
durable peace and sustainable development in countries in
conflict and post
conflict
situations.
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We emphasize that international public finance plays an important role in
complementing the efforts of countries to mobilize public resources domestically,
especially in the poorest and most vulnerable countries w
ith limited domestic
resources. An important use of international public finance, including official
development assistance (ODA), is to catalyse additional resource mobilization from
other sources, public and private. ODA providers reaffirm their respecti
ve
commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve
the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national income for official development
assistance (ODA/GNI) to developing countries and 0.15 per cent to 0.2 per cent of
ODA/GNI to least
developed countries.
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We acknowledge the importance for international financial institutions to
support, in line with their mandates, the policy space of each country, in particular
developing countries. We recommit to broadening and strengthening the v
oice and
participation of developing countries
including African countries, least
developed countries, landlocked developing countries, small island developing
States and middle
income countries
in international economic decision
making,
norm
setting a
nd global economic governance.
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We acknowledge also the essential role of national parliaments through their
enactment of legislation and adoption of budgets and their role in ensuring
accountability for the effective implementation of our commitments.
Governments
and public institutions will also work closely on implementation with regional and
local authorities, subregional institutions, international institutions, academia,
philanthropic organizations, volunteer groups and others.
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We underline the
important role and comparative advantage of an adequately
resourced, relevant, coherent, efficient and effective United Nations system in
supporting the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and sustainable
development. While stressing the impo
rtance of strengthened national ownership
and leadership at the country level, we express our support for the ongoing dialogue
in the Economic and Social Council on the longer
term positioning of the United
Nations development system in the context of this
Agenda.
Follow
up and review
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Our Governments have the primary responsibility for follow
up and review, at
the national, regional and global levels, in relation to the progress made in
implementing the Goals and targets over the coming 15 years. To
support
accountability to our citizens, we will provide for systematic follow
up and review
at the various levels, as set out in this Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda.
The high
level political forum under the auspices of the General Assembly and t
he
Economic and Social Council will have the central role in overseeing follow
up
and
review at the global level.
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Indicators are being developed to assist this work. Quality, accessible, timely
and reliable disaggregated data will be needed to help wit
h the measurement of
progress and to ensure that no one is left behind. Such data is key to decision
making. Data and information from existing reporting mechanisms should be used
where possible. We agree to intensify our efforts to strengthen statistical
capacities
in developing countries, particularly African countries, least developed countries,
landlocked developing countries, small island developing States and middle
income
countries. We are committed to developing broader measures of progress to
compl
ement gross domestic product.
A call for action to chan
ge our world
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.
Seventy years ago, an earlier generation of world leaders came together to
create the United Nations. From the ashes of war and division they fashioned this
Organization and the
values of peace, dialogue and international cooperation which
underpin it. The supreme embodiment of those values is the Charter of the United
Nations.
50
.
Today we are also taking a decision of great historic significance. We resolve
to build a better fut
ure for all people, including the millions who have been denied
the chance to lead decent, dignified and rewarding lives and to achieve their full
human potential. We can be the first generation to succeed in ending poverty; just as
we may be the last to h
ave a chance of saving the planet. The world will be a better
place in 2030 if we succeed in our objectives.
51
.
What we are announcing today
an Agenda for global action for the next
15
years
is a charter for people and planet in the twenty
first cent
ury. Children
and young women and men are critical agents of change and will find in the new
Goals a platform to channel their infinite capacities for activism into the creation of
a better world.
52
.
We the peoples
are the celebrated opening words of t
he Charter of the
United Nations. It is
we the peoples
who are embarking today on the road to
2030. Our journey will involve Governments as well as parliaments, the United
Nations system and other international institutions, local authorities, indigenous
peoples, civil society, business and the private sector, the scientific and academic
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community
and all people. Millions have already engaged with, and will own,
this Agenda. It is an Agenda of the people, by the people, and for the people
and
this, we
believe, will ensure its success.
53
.
The future of humanity and of our planet lies in our hands. It lies also in the
hands of today
s younger generation who will pass the torch to future generations.
We have mapped the road to sustainable development; i
t will be for all of us to
ensure that the journey is successful and its gains irreversible.
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community
and all people. Millions have already engaged with, and will own,
this Agenda. It is an Agenda of the people, by the people, and for the people
and
this, we
believe, will ensure its success.
53
.
The future of humanity and of our planet lies in our hands. It lies also in the
hands of today
s younger generation who will pass the torch to future generations.
We have mapped the road to sustainable development; i
t will be for all of us to
ensure that the journey is successful and its gains irreversible.
Sustainable Development Goals and targets
54
.
Following an inclusive process of intergovernmental negotiations, and based
on the proposal of the Open Working
Group on Sustainable Development Goals,
1
which includes a chapeau contextualizing the latter, set out below are the Goals an
d
targets which we have agreed.
55
.
The Sustainable Development Goals and targets are integrated and indivisible,
global in nature
and universally applicable, taking into account different national
realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and
priorities. Targets are defined as aspirational and global, with each Government
setting its own nationa
l targets guided by the global level of ambition but taking
into account national circumstances. Each Government will also decide how these
aspirational and global targets should be incorporated into national planning
processes, policies and strategies. It
is important to recognize the link between
sustainable development and other relevant ongoing processes in the economic,
social and environmental fields.
56
.
In deciding upon these Goals and targets, we recognize that each country faces
specific challenge
s to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the
special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African
countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small
island developing States, as wel
l as the specific challenges facing the middle
income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.
57
.
We recognize that baseline data for several of the targets remains unavailable,
and we call for increased support for stre
ngthening data collection and capacity
building in Member States, to develop national and global baselines where they do
not yet exist. We commit to addressing this gap in data collection so as to better
inform the measurement of progress, in particular fo
r those targets below which do
not have clear numerical targets.
58
.
We encourage ongoing efforts by States in other forums to address key issues
which pose potential challenges to the implementation of our Agenda, and we
respect the independent mandates o
f those processes. We intend that the Agenda and
its implementation would support, and be without prejudice to, those other
processes and the decisions taken therein.
59
.
We recognize that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools
availabl
e to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and
priorities, to achieve sustainable development; and we reaffirm that planet Earth and
its ecosystems are our common home and that
Mother Earth
is a common
expression in a number of coun
tries and regions.
__________________
1
Contained in the report of the Open Working
Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable
Development Goals (
A/68/970
and Corr.1; see also
A/68/970/Add.1
).
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Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and
promote sustainable agriculture
Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well
being
for all at all ages
Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote
lifelong learning opportunities for all
Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of
water and
sanitation for all
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern
energy for all
Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth,
full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 9. Build
resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
sustainable
Goal 12.
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine
resources for sustainable development
Goal 15. Protect,
restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial
ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt
and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
developme
nt, provide access to justice for all and build effective,
accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the
Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
*
Acknowledging that the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change is the primary international, intergovernmental forum for negotiating
the global response to climate chang